50 lbs overweight where to start investing
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He uses Wegovy as an example: in the years of semaglutide use in people with diabetes, safety issues have been minor. But the FDA would like more general heart data for weight-loss drugs, Sharretts says. Saxenda and Wegovy are in a class of drugs called GLP-1 agonists, which mimic glucagon-like peptide 1, a gastrointestinal hormone that helps regulate glucose. But it's been hard for him to find it. Some people in the treatment arm lost much more. About half those folks dropped out because of side effects like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation.
A smaller group of people reported more serious issues, like cardiovascular problems, psychiatric issues, and gall bladder and liver dysfunction. The GLP-1 system is one of many metabolic targets that researchers have explored for weight loss. Significant effort has gone into exploiting hormones known to modulate appetite, most notably PYY peptide tyrosine tyrosine , leptin, and ghrelin.
So far, targeting the GLP-1 receptor has been the most effective strategy. Few drugs based off the other targets have made it into clinical trials. The failures to develop drugs to modulate other hormones reflect the complexity and redundancy of the biochemical signals that control our need to eat, says Linda Shapiro, the chief medical officer of Rhythm Pharmaceuticals, a company that specializes in weight-loss drugs for people who have genetic mutations that cause weight gain.
The drug is for people with serious genetic defects in the pathways that signal that a person is full, including people with leptin receptor deficiencies. People with these mutations have what amounts to an uncontrollable physiological need to eat, because their bodies cannot register that they are full. Some of the most interesting targets in potential weight-loss drugs are analogs of hormones that act in hunger- and satiety-related metabolic pathways, says Indiana University Bloomington chemist Richard DiMarchi, a former Lilly researcher who sold his diabetes start-ups to Novo Nordisk.
He develops small proteins for weight loss and to treat metabolic diseases. These proteins include glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide GIP , an incretin that, like GLP-1, spurs insulin secretion. Another is amylin, a satiety hormone missing in some people with diabetes. And Brett says that Novo Nordisk has begun safety studies of a combination of the amylin analog cagrilintide with the highest approved weight-loss dose of semaglutide.
Lilly and Pfizer both have small molecules in development to stimulate the GLP-1 receptor. And a few companies are exploring small-molecule mitochondrial uncouplers despite the health risks of DNP, another drug in that class. And with the popularity of drugs like Wegovy, scientists are trying to engineer novel combination peptides that could promise equal or greater weight loss.
There is something wrong with an intervention that has the exact opposite of the intended effect the majority of the time. Lilly is developing the peptide for both type 2 diabetes and weight loss. Although the company has yet to show late-stage data from its weight-loss trials, studies in people with type 2 diabetes suggest that tirzepatide can elicit twice the weight loss as those taking the drug Ozempic, the formulation of semaglutide used to treat diabetes.
But those results come with the caveat that participants were taking semaglutide doses for diabetes, not the much higher dose prescribed for weight loss. AstraZeneca is also developing a dual-agonist drug for diabetes that industry experts are watching because studies suggest it, too, spurs weight loss. Called cotadutide, the molecule works on both the glucagon and GLP-1 receptors.
The company is also testing whether its oral version of semaglutide , marketed as Rybelsus, can cause weight loss, and it is heavily invested in combination drugs, including semaglutide and an amylin analog. Brett, like others, says that the burst of activity in the development of weight-loss drugs is promising. Related: Regeneron, AstraZeneca partner to develop obesity drugs In addition, at least two start-ups are focusing on weight loss.
Rivus Pharmaceuticals is trying to tackle mitochondrial uncoupling safely and effectively. And EraCal is looking for completely new appetite-related pathways to drug. DiMarchi agrees with Brett. Shifting the burden Kerrie Cliett is a housekeeper and gig worker in Tennessee who says that because of her job, she is literally climbing stairs all day. She started gaining weight when she started a family, lost some of it on one drug, and then gained it back.
After having her last child, she weighed more than she ever had in her life. Her doctor put her on something different over the summer. Now, Cliett is taking Wegovy. She lost 13 lb 5. I think this is going to be one of the greatest successes of the pharmaceutical industry, of academics, of biotechs. But Chastain disagrees and says that pathologizing fat is the issue. She agrees that weight is not a good proxy for health and is frustrated by the number of researchers and doctors who tell their patients that losing weight will alleviate other metabolic diseases.
And until we are able to have messy conversations about this, do a better job of bringing in multiple perspectives and multiple truths into the conversation, people are going to be left out. The company was unprepared for the demand for the drug after its approval in June People in the Phase 3 study of Wegovy saw their weight loss taper significantly around week The company is testing longer treatment periods and will release more data on maintenance in a few weeks.
After weeks of trying to get the entry-level dose of Wegovy, Johnson, the medical device salesperson, ended up asking his doctor to prescribe Ozempic instead. The problem is amplified further when athletes gain muscular mass over the course of a single competitive season, yet are required to remain in a single weight-class to retain records and ranking.
My hope is that the approach details in this piece, as extreme as it is, helps athletes avoid even more dangerous practices wearing garbage bags in saunas, etc. So, how does one drop from lbs. Latent Heat and Electrolyte Reuptake Modification It is contended that there are two appropriate vehicles for the facilitation of short-term water loss diuresis : the manipulation of thermoregulation, and the manipulation of hormones related to electrolyte balance and water retention.
In other words, you can combine 1 increased water excretion through the skin via temperature treatments with 2 increased water excretion through urination, which is dependent on the modification of kidney function. If you weigh lbs. It is imperative that athletes understand the distribution areas from which excess water, and not life-sustaining water, can be most safely excreted, pulling from critical systems only as a last resort.
Thermoregulatory and mild electrolyte manipulation, with potassium-sparing supplementation for the latter, provides a compelling combination of efficacy and safety. Exercise, whether running or otherwise, is not used for dehydration, as it places a load on the muscular and nervous systems when recovery is impaired, decreasing the force production capacity we want to preserve for competition. Additionally, athletes should never dehydrate for the first time before competition.
Rehydration and additional hyperhydration are also accomplished through two primary vehicles: increasing the speed of water absorption, and increasing the volume of water that can be retained in the body for muscular performance purposes. This is done primarily with purified water and modified molecules of glucose. By scientifically hydrating and increasing arterial blood plasma volume, you increase blood pH levels alkaline , increasing the ability of hemoglobin to bind to oxygen.
The end result is that proper hydration increases oxygen delivery to body tissue. A By increasing plasma and cellular hydration you can conversely increase oxygen delivery and uptake, with a subsequent increase in endurance hypothesized by some to be primarily dependent on aerobic mitochondrial activity.
This would still only represent an 8 lb. This further establishes the functional impairments caused by dehydration and the paramount importance of limiting the time spent in this state. Saturday Weigh-In: 9am If weigh-ins are hypothetically held at 9am Saturday morning, restrict additional salt intake beginning at Thursday dinner. No red meat or starchy carbohydrates bread, rice, potatoes should be consumed on Thursday night or on Friday, as both of these food product categories cause the disproportionate storage of water 3 grams of water per 1 gram of glycogen; creatine and fibrous tissue water retention in red meat.
On Friday night, following a early pm and light dinner consisting primarily of vegetables, thermoregulatory work should begin and water consumption should be eliminated until weigh-ins. Non-prescription diuretics, discussed in the following section, would be consumed at breakfast, lunch, and dinner on Friday, in addition to upon waking on Saturday.
The higher the humidity, the less the evaporation, and the more your body must sweat to cool core body temperature. This is why athletes will sweat more in a steam room than in a dry sauna. Fill the bathtub with water that does not burn the hand but causes moderate pain if the hand is moved underwater. Your target weight by bedtime should be lbs. MORE than your necessary competition weight, as you will evaporate that volume range of water during hours of sleep. Set an alarm clock next to the bath for 10 minutes, and preferably have someone who will also alert you at the minute mark.
Submerge your entire body and head in the bathtub, entering which should take at least 2 minutes. For ease of entry and to minimize movement, sit cross-legged at the front of the bath and lay down slowly, putting your head underwater so that only your face is exposed to the air and pointing towards the ceiling.
If you feel faint at any point or when you reach 10 minutes, exit the tub and run cold water over your scalp but no other areas; ideally, place an ice pack on your head and neck instead of using water. Towel off, but do not shower, as you will reabsorb water through the skin. The author has seen elite wrestlers make the mistake of taking a shower the morning of weigh-ins, only to find they have gained lbs.!
Do not make this mistake — avoid showers completely until weigh-ins. After toweling off and urinating following the first minute session, weigh yourself on two scales, taking the average of four weighings: two on each scale to account for any mechanical inaccuracies. Many athletes will lose too much weight the first time they use a bathtub, and this only extends the necessary recovery period. Take a 5 minute break near a cooling source or at room temperature if you have not made weight, and repeat minute submersion sessions with 5-minute cooling breaks until you are pounds from your required weight.
At least two pounds will be lost as a result of the potassium-sparing diuretics detailed in later sections, and if you lower your body weight excessively, you should consume water to ensure you are pounds HEAVIER than your required weight before sleep. I allow myself two pieces of bread with peanut butter usually spaced out evenly during the cut.
The first piece is typically consumed about eight hours into the cut about 10—12 hours out from the weigh in and the second piece about six hours later. I always feel a renewed energy and sense of well-being after these small snacks. Potassium-Sparing Non-Prescription Diuretics: Blood Flow and Sodium Filtering Nearly all diurectics produce their effects of diuresis by directly or indirectly acting on the kidneys.
There are two primary types oral or injectable diurectics, those that increase blood flow to the kidneys and those that inhibit reabsorption of electrolytes by the nephrons or loop of Henle in the kidneys. If you increase the amount of water that is excreted per quart of blood, and simultaneously increase the volume of blood passing through these filters per hour, the effect is pronounced diuresis through dramatically increased urination.
Prescription diuretics, especially loop diuretics such as Lasix, often cause excessive depletion of calcium, magnesium, and potassium, ions that regulate electrical transmission and heart function. Moderate potassium insufficiency can cause DNA damage and muscular cramping, most certainly resulting in impaired lift performance.
More severe depletion, which can have an onset of minutes with intravenous injection, has resulted in organ failure and cardiac arrest for athletes who do not understand the serious nature of these medications. Diuretics are designed for the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure. Dandelion root has the highest vitamin A of any known plant 14,iu per g of raw material and a high choline content.
Dandelion root is one of few commonly available plants that increases sodium chloride excretion by the renal kidney tubule while simultaneously exhibiting potassium-sparing properties. When sodium excretion is increased, the kidneys increase water excretion to maintain electrolyte and osmotic balance.
Dosages for dehydration, based on a extract, are mg 3x daily with meals. Caffeine not only increases sodium chloride excretion but acts primarily by increasing renal blood flow and stimulating parietal cells to increase gastric secretions. Dosages for dehydration are mg caffeine preferably caffeine anhydrous x daily with meals. Used in combination for a lb. It is recommended that the athlete also supplement each meal with a non-prescription 99mg potassium product.
Phase Two — From lbs. How do you use sugar alcohols, skin protectants, and insulin mimickers to recover from dehydration and move from a precompetition lbs. Far from it. Proper cellular hydration is required for glycogen synthesis and muscular contraction.
For a lb. One objective during the dehydration stage is the preservation of muscle fiber and blood plasma fluid volume with simultaneous excretion of extraneous subcutaneous water, which is located between the skin and muscle. Similarly, the objective during rehydration is the increase of muscle cell and blood plasma fluid volume to predehydration or hyperhydration levels in the shortest time possible. What is hyperhydration? In the context of powerlifting, hyperhydration is a state produced when one artificially increases the amount of water the body can retain for improved power output and oxygen delivery.
Take a minute bath in room temperature water, preferably with Epsom salt for systemic magnesium supplementation and muscular relaxation decreased electrolyte supply often causes muscle cramping. Understanding the Small Intestine, Gastric Emptying, and Aquaporins It is critical that any athlete with a short time span for rehydration increase gastric emptying, or the speed at which liquids pass from the stomach to the small intestine for absorption.
Blood plasma fluid volume optimization precedes muscle cell hyperhydration, as the solids consumed for glycogen restoration will decrease the speed of liquid gastric emptying. This needs to be accomplished before glycogen is restored by ingestion of solids.
Also note that most commercially-available sports drinks Gatorade, Powerade, etc. Important note: the scientific literature available in English on micro-clustered water is confusing at best and convoluted with nonsense. The results discussed below, however, are from self-experimentation after purchasing the Panasonic PJ-A3AH from the same importer who had obtained several units after seeing them used in Japanese hospitals to treat burn victims.
I find the experimental results hard to explain as placebo effect: I and several other athletes were able to each drink more than 70 ounces from the Panasonic PJ-A3AH microclustered water unit nearly 9 tall glasses of water , with no discomfort or excretion even 5 hours later.
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Overweight refers to increased body weight in relation to height beyond the accepted standard. The standard has been defined by the medical profession on the basis of a variety of reference percentiles based on body mass index BMI in various populations. Becoming overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat. It may also be due to an increase in lean muscle. For example, professional athletes or military personnel may be very lean and muscular, with very little body fat, yet they may weigh more than others of the same height.
While they may qualify as overweight due to their large muscle mass, they are not necessarily fat. Obesity is defined as an excessively high amount of body fat or adipose tissue in relation to lean body mass. Being obese means that body fat is now beyond an accepted standard for your height. Currently, 34 percent of Americans are overweight and a separate 34 percent are obese, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. But only for a relatively small percentage of the population.
There is also a genetic tendency to becoming overweight, but this is less clearly defined. Genetics don't tell the whole story, however. For example, studies show that some of us have a genetic tendency to gain weight while eating fried foods, while others can consume all the fries they want to without gaining much weight. This more or less settles the debate if you are wondering how to lose 50 lbs and your BMI is 30 or higher. Talk to a skilled surgeon to understand how does weight loss surgery work for low BMI patients.
Weight loss surgery options for 50 pounds overweight Weight loss surgery for 50 pounds overweight is an option worth considering if the traditional non-invasive methods such as diet and exercise have not worked for you. Where to start for my weight loss, and how fast can I lose 50 pounds?
IFSO says that if you fail to achieve sufficient weight loss with non-surgical treatments, you may consider gastric sleeve or other bariatric procedures even if your BMI ranges from 30 to Gastric bypass surgery : If you are 50 lbs overweight and suffering from obesity-related type 2 diabetes, you could be a candidate for gastric bypass surgery. A bariatric surgeon can explain you how does weight loss surgery work to reduce the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. In , leading global diabetes organizations, including the American Diabetes Association ADA issued a joint statement recommending bariatric procedures such as gastric bypass for patients with a BMI of 30 or higher with poorly controlled diabetes type 2.
Gastric banding surgery : Weight loss surgery for 50 pounds overweight with a BMI of 30 to 35 is effective and well-tolerated. This is the position statement of the ASMBS, which recommends gastric banding surgery as an option, in addition to VSG and gastric bypass surgeries. The ASMBS says that the safety and effectiveness of all these bariatric procedures, including gastric banding, in low BMI candidates may deliver similar outcomes as in patients with more severe obesity.
Here is the estimated weight loss trend at different stages after your low BMI weight loss surgery. You may lose less or more than these average indications depending on your age, health, pre-surgery BMI, type of bariatric surgery, and how diligently you maintain your post-op bariatric diet and exercise.
For more information, consult your surgeon about how does weight loss surgery work for patients who are 50 lbs overweight. Here are some of the key steps that will set you up for a safe and successful weight loss surgery for 50 pounds. Step 1: Your starting point should be to talk to a reputable medical tourism provider if you are 50 lbs overweight and wish to undergo an affordable bariatric surgery overseas.
Request their patient coordinators to schedule your consultation with their bariatric surgeon. Step 2: At your pre-operative consultation with the surgeon, you should clarify all the doubts and concerns you may have regarding how to lose 50 lbs overweight or how fast can I lose 50 pounds excess weight.
Share your medical history with the surgeon for getting the right advice. Step 3: Request your surgeon to show you 50 lbs weight loss before and after photos as well as patient testimonials. This will provide you useful insights from the perspective of other patients and give you more confidence to go ahead with your low BMI weight loss surgery.
Step 4: Once you are clear about how does weight loss surgery work for patients who are only 50 pounds overweight, you can evaluate all the pros and cons and make a final decision. If you are ready to go ahead, you can schedule a date of surgery through your medical tourism company. Step 5: Prepare your travel documents, make hotel bookings, and complete other formalities with the assistance of your patient coordinators.
Arrive at least a day or two ahead of your scheduled surgery date and have an in-person consultation with the surgery. You are now all set for your procedure. Gastric sleeve surgery is the ideal procedure to choose if you are 50 lbs overweight. For low BMI patients, more invasive surgeries such as gastric bypass or duodenal switch may not be necessary.
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